west africa geography

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Ghana constructed the Akosombo Dam (completed in 1965) in a gorge where the Volta cuts through the Akwapim–Togo Range, creating the world’s largest artificial lake, Lake Volta. Though mineral resources are abundant, there is potential for increased agricultural production, where most of the people make their living. Whole villages were destroyed and the residents killed, tortured, or maimed. The capital city of Mali is not Timbuktu but Bamako, which is located in the southwest. It drives the Harmattan, a desiccating, dusty wind that blows rather persistently from the northeast, drying out landscapes all the way to the coast. Sierra Leone set up a special court to address crimes against humanity, and the country has been working to establish a stable government and maintain a sense of order. Throughout the southeastern West African nations near Cameroon are some mountains and solitary high plateaus in Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Togo. If all that adventuring wears you out and you need a few days at a beach resort, consider ending your adventure at Cap Skirring in Gambia, a popular getaway spot with sandy beaches, palms, and resorts of all levels. Identify the following key places on a map: World Regional Geography: People, Places and Globalization, United States Agency for International Development, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Muslims, Christians, and animists are about evenly split in Ivory Coast. The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. The 8 million square kilometers and 17 countries covered by this atlas encompass a wide range of landscapes from alluvial valleys in Senegal and Ghana, sandy plains and low plateaus across the Sahel, and rolling hills of Togo to rugged mountains with summits reaching over 1,500 m in Guinea and 1,800 m in Niger. Robin Taylor – looking north from the old bridge – CC BY 2.0. How have natural resources contributed to the wealth of the region? At 4,100 miles long, the Nile River is the longest, while the Congo River is Africa’s second longest at 2,922 miles in length. The government fell under various military coups and eventually resorted to hiring mercenaries to help push back the RUF forces. Military forces from neighboring Guinea also entered the country to attack RUF bases. Ghana is a former British colony and was one of the first African colonies to gain independence (1957).

Diamonds from these countries are often called blood diamonds because of their use as currency to fund death and destruction. This map shows the region of West Africa as defined in this chapter. In these areas, rainfall is somewhat higher than in the low plains around them. West Africa Geography Information (Photo:) West Africa is the continent’s westernmost region and is near the north, just under the Maghreb nations of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya… The African Transition Zone cuts across the region of West Africa, indicating a division between Islam and Christianity and between the Sahara Desert and the tropics. This front migrates annually north and south, following the position of the sun, with a lag of 1 to 2 months. Many of the European colonial powers had sought to build fortified beachheads on the coast and profit from the lucrative trade in slaves, gold, and ivory. Several northern provinces have pushed to have the Sharia criminal code made into the area’s civil law. World Regional Geography: People, Places and Globalization. Many of the freed slaves from the United States returned to Africa and relocated to Liberia. Melvin “Buddy” Baker – Nigerian Drummers – CC BY 2.0.; Melvin “Buddy” Baker – The Harpist – CC BY 2.0. Nor does the relief do much to interrupt the zonal patterns and latitudinal belts of climate and vegetation, except in the mountainous regions of the Fouta Djallon, the Guinea Highlands, the Jos Plateau, and the Aïr Mountains.

With more than eighty indigenous languages, why is English the official language of Ghana?

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