Innocent VIII A Genoan born in 1432, Giovanni Battista Cibň was the son of a Roman senator and served in the court of Naples as a youth. This act, which had been requested by two German inquisitors of the Dominican Order, led to numerous trials and many women being burned at the stake. After the death of the Turkish Sultan Mehemed II in 1481, his son Bayezid took up the Ottoman throne and fought off the challenges of his brother Djem. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1972. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited. Pope Innocent gained custody of this guest-hostage in 1489 by granting a cardinalate to the head of the Knights of St. John and a papal dispensation for a marriage to the French king. Innocent VIII, Pope (1432–1492; r. 1484–1492) Giovanni Batista Cibo, elected pope in 1484, issued what has been termed one of the most important documents in the history of the Church’s fight against witchcraft: the Bull of 1484, Summis desiderantes affectibus (“Desiring with supreme ardor”). - Historum - History Forums, “Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes….”. Hi readers, it seems you use Catholic Online a lot; that's great! Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. He moved upward in the Church rapidly, becoming Bishop of Savona in 1467 and of Molfetta in 1472, both by the appointment of Paul II. The Sultan agreed to pay 40,000 ducats (over 1 1/2 million dollars) annually and to send an important relic: the Holy Lance, which had supposedly pierced Jesus' side. Lotario was the nephew of Pope Clement III; his mother, Claricia Scotti (Romani de Scotti), was from the same noble Roman family. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. Ferdinand broke the treaty in 1489, and the pope excommunicated him. Thank you. Although Pope Innocent would have liked to have mounted a crusade against the Turks, who had driven the Christians out of the Near East, his political attention was absorbed by his ongoing conflict with the Kingdom of Naples. Innocent VIII's first means of raising money was by borrowing it using Church property. In England he proclaimed the right of King Henry VII and his descendants to the English throne and also agreed to some modifications affecting the privilege of "sanctuary". A compromise candidate, Cibň was elected pope in 1484. Though credited with launching the Inquisition full force against witches, it actually followed a long line of earlier bulls inveighing against witchcraft and sorcery, issued since the 13th century. Round Aurora Crystal Sterling Silver Rosary, Can a Catholic vote for Joe Biden? The pope did little to establish peace and security in Rome, which regularly saw fights between the Colonna and Orsini families. Djem was held for the remainder of Pope Innocent's pontificate and for part of his successor's pontificate. During what is known as the Little Ice Age, the grip of freezing weather, failing of crops, rising crime, and mass starvation resulted in an increasing fear of witches. Giuliano persuaded the pope to install Duke RenÃ© of Lorraine in Ferdinand's place, but while Giuliano was in France preparing to accompany the duke to Italy, Innocent made a deal for peace with Ferdinand. PRE-PAPAL BACKGROUND . A congress of Christian princes met in 1490 at Rome, but led to no result. When the forgers were caught in 1489, they were treated harshly and some were hanged. A few hours later he became Pope Innocent VIII. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you. Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. In recognition of the significance of this event, he awarded the Spanish monarchs, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile, the titles of "Catholic Kings.". In 1486, following the War of the Roses, in which the Tudors defeated the Yorks, Pope Innocent recognized Henry Tudor as King Henry VII of England. That pontiff was sent to St. Peter on July 25, 1492, and he was replaced by the infamous Rodrigo Borga, aka Pope Alexander VI. Its primary object was to safeguard the personal interests of the electors. Although not aggressive towards the Turks himself, Pope Innocent was jubilant upon hearing in January 1492 that the Spanish had driven the Moors (Muslims) from Granada, their stronghold in Spain. It has recently come to our ears, not without great pain to us, that in some parts of upper Germany, as well as in the provinces, cities, territories, regions, and dioceses of mainz, köln, Trier, Salzburg, and Bremen, many persons of both sexes, heedless of their own salvation and forsaking the catholic faith, give themselves over to devils male and female, and by their incantations, charms and conjurings, and by other abominable superstitions and sortileges, offences, crimes, and misdeeds, ruin and cause to perish the offspring of women, the foal of animals, the products of the earth, the grapes of vines, and the fruits of trees, as well a men and women, cattle and flocks and herds and animals of every kind, vineyards also and orchards, meadows, pastures, harvests, grains and other fruits of the earth; that they afflict and torture with dire pains and anguish, both internal and external, these men, women, cattle, flocks, herds, and animals, and hinder men from begetting and women from conceiving, and prevent all consummation of marriage; that, moreover, they deny with sacrilegious lips the faith they received in holy baptism; and that, at the instigation of the enemy of mankind, they do not fear to commit and perpetrate many other abominable offences and crimes, at the risk of their own souls, to the insult of the divine majesty and to the pernicious example and scandal of multitudes.
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