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mercenaries in the congo

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Thomas Michael Hoare (17 March 1919 – 2 February 2020[1]), known as Mad Mike Hoare, was a British mercenary leader and adventurer known for his military activities in Africa and attempt to conduct a coup d'état in the Seychelles. [5] The men of 5 Commando were entirely white and consisted of a "ragbag of misfits" whom he imposed stern discipline upon. Mar 24, 2017 - Explore John Studdard's board "Mercenaries" on Pinterest. [2], Hoare was born on Saint Patrick's Day in Calcutta[3] to Irish parents. The desperate, that is the losing, side in a war, would be more likely to turn to mercenaries as a last resort, as happened in Angola during 1975–1976. [5], Hoare led two separate mercenary groups during the Congo Crisis. ( Log Out /  He had already worked for Joseph Désiré Mobutu in the Republic of the Congo. [7] He subsequently emigrated to Durban, Natal Province in the Union of South Africa where he later ran safaris and became a soldier-for-hire in various African countries. The Congo. Zambia’s President Kenneth Kaunda notably described mercenaries as “human vermin,” a view that had wide credence in Africa, so that their use by any African combatant group presented adverse political and propaganda risks. [12], In 1964, Congolese Prime Minister Moïse Tshombe, his employer in Katanga, hired Major Hoare to lead a military unit called 5 Commando, Armée Nationale Congolaise (5 Commando ANC) (later led by John Peters;[13] not to be confused with No.5 Commando, the British Second World War commando force) made up of about 300 men most of whom were from South Africa. “We are not in a good situation before the election … it seems impossible to have an election because of the situation.”. [30], He left accountancy and ran a motor car business. A new opposition coalition is calling on President Kabila to hold elections that are due this year. Hoare conceded and the captain of the aircraft allowed them on board after Hoare had found fuel for the aircraft. [5], Later Hoare and his mercenaries worked in concert with Belgian paratroopers, Cuban exile pilots, and CIA-hired mercenaries who attempted to save 1,600 civilians (mostly Europeans and missionaries) in Stanleyville (modern Kisangani, Congo) from the Simba rebels in Operation Dragon Rouge. At least one of the actors in the film, Ian Yule, had been a mercenary under Hoare's command, before which he had served in the British Parachute Regiment and Special Air Service (SAS). [11], During this time he married Phyllis Sims, an airline stewardess. They were attracted by the wars, whether civil or liberation, that occurred in much of Africa during this time and, as a rule, were to be found on the side of reaction: supporting Moise Tshombe in his attempt to take Katanga out of the Republic of the Congo (1960–63); in Rhodesia fighting on the side of the illegal Smith regime against the liberation movements; in Angola; on both sides in the civil war in Nigeria; and in other theaters as well. Mike Hoare, who had become notorious as a mercenary in the Congo, offered his services to each side in Nigeria in turn, but neither wished to employ him. FINE WARRIORS WHO LOST THEIR LIVES. [27], In January 1982 an International Commission, appointed by the United Nations Security Council in Resolution 496, inquired into the attempted coup d'état.

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